Deciding About Your Health Care - Advance Directives
What is an Advance Directive?
An advance directive is used to tell your doctor and family what kind of medical care you want if you are too sick or hurt to talk or make decisions. If you do not have one, certain members of your family will have to decide on your care.
You must be at least 19 years old to set up an advance directive. You must be able to think clearly and make decisions for yourself when you set it up. You do not need a lawyer to set one up, but you may want to talk with a lawyer before you take this important step. Whether or not you have an advance directive, you have the same right to get the care you need.
Types of Advance Directives
In Alabama you can set up an Advance Directive for Health Care. The choices you have include:
A living will is used to write down ahead of time what kind of care you do or do not want if you are too sick to speak for yourself.
A proxy can be part of a living will. You can pick a proxy to speak for you and make the choices you would make if you could. If you pick a proxy, you should talk to that person ahead of time. Be sure that your proxy knows how you feel about different kinds of medical treatments.
Durable Power of Attorney
Another way to pick a proxy is to sign a durable power of attorney for health care. The person you pick does not need to be a lawyer.
You can choose to have any of all these three advance directives. Hospitals, home health agencies, hospices and nursing homes usually have forms you can fill out if you want to set up a living will, pick a proxy or set up a durable power of attorney for health care. If you have questions, you should ask your own lawyer or call your local Council on Aging for help.
When You Set Up an Advance Directive
Be sure to sign your name and write the date on any form or paper you fill out. Talk to your family and doctor now so they will know and understand your choices. Give them a copy of what you have signed. If you go to the hospital, give a copy of your advance directive to the person who admits you to the hospital.
What Do I Need to Decide?
You will need to decide if you want treatments or machines that will make you live longer even when you will never get better. An example of this is a machine that breathes for you.
Some people do not want machines of treatments if they cannot get better. They may want food and water through a tube or pain medicine. With an advance directive, you decided what medical care you want.
Talk to Your Doctor and Family Now
The law says doctors, hospitals and nursing homes must do what you want or send you to another place that will. Before you set up an advance directive, talk to your doctor ahead of time. Find out if your doctor is willing to go along with your wishes. If your doctor does not feel he or she can carry out your wishes, you can ask to go to another doctor, hospital or nursing home.
Once you decide on the care you want or do not want, talk to your family. Explain why you want the care you have decided on. Find out if they are willing to let your wishes be carried out.
Family members do not always want to go along with an advance directive. This often happens when family members do not know about a patient's wishes ahead of time or if they are not sure about what has been decided. Talking with your family ahead of time can prevent this problem.
You Can Change Your Mind Anytime
As long as you can speak for yourself, you can change your mind anytime about what you have written down. If you make changes, tear up your old papers and give copies of any new forms or changes to everyone who needs to know.
For help or more information, call Alabama Commission on Aging at 1-800-243-5463 or Choice in Dying at 1-800-989-9455.